Unsafe water found in faucets across the U.S.

Almost 8 percent of community water systems are plagued by health-based violations of water quality standards in any given year, the study found.

Other contaminants found in water systems included viruses and the parasites cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia, the study reported.

Nitrates were also a common contaminant in water systems, the study found.

The study found that areas that purchase their water were less likely to experience contamination, Allaire said.

One gallon of water per person and pet, per day, as well as a camping filter for water to remove contaminants.

Allaire said that merging and consolidating water systems might help ensure quality drinking water because a larger system would likely have more resources available.

The study included data from nearly 18,000 community water systems.

Full Report Here

Topeka Added To List of Cities with Unsafe Drinking Water

Topeka drinking water exceeds EPA standards for contaminant

For the first time, the drinking water provided by the city of Topeka is out of compliance with a federal standard for contaminants, city utilities director Bob Sample said Monday.

The city of Topeka hadn't exceeded any maximum contaminant level standards since those were implemented in 1998, said Sample, a Topeka city employee since 1975.

He took sips from a glass of city tap water as he described in an interview how, when the city disinfects drinking water, disinfectants combine with organic and inorganic matter present in water to form compounds called "Disinfection byproducts."

The EPA sets standards for controlling the levels of 87 different contaminants in drinking water, including haloacetic acids.

He said the EPA notified the city Feb. 16 that the most recent testing showed that at one site, near S.W. 29th and Urish Road, the drinking water exceeded EPA standards for the preceding three-month period by containing an average of 60.6 micrograms per liter of haloacetic acids.

Sample said the city was looking at using powdered activated carbon and making changes in polymer to improve the removal of organisms that cause the formation of haloacetic acids while also improving water taste and odor control.

He said the city would continue to keep its drinking water customers informed as it moves forward.


Another Contaminated Drinking Well

DOVER, NH - The city stopped using its most abundant source of drinking water after it found an increasing level of contaminates PFOA and PFOS inside in one of its drinking water wells.

City officials stressed drinking water wells were shut off well before it reached, and now exceeded, the EPA recommended advisory levels of safe drinking water.

Community Services Director John Storer said the aquifer has numerous monitoring wells, which he described as sentinels guarding the city's drinking water, which picked up on the migration of the contaminants of PFOA and PFOS. City officials and the consultants contracted to monitor the drinking water have been keeping watch on contaminant levels at the monitoring sites and in the drinking wells, Storer said.

Joyal noted the city discontinued the use of the Griffin Well in late 2015 and has not restarted the well after monitoring confirmed the presence of perfluorinated compounds: PFOA, PFOS and PFHpA. PFOA stands for perfluorooctanoic acid; PFOS stands for perfluorooctanesulfonic acid; and PFHpA stands for perfluoroheptanoic acid - all human-made chemicals.

Storer said a recently dug well, known as Dover Pudding Hill 1 in the Pudding Hill Aquifer, was shut off as a precautionary measure until hydrologists can confirm that using the well isn't sucking the plume towards it.


Federal Study On Health Effects Of PFAS, Delayed By EPA, Released

Blood tests. A new federal report looks at the long-term health effects of PFOA.

Blood tests. A new federal report looks at the long-term health effects of PFOA.

A new federal report on the health effects of perfluorinated compounds, including PFOA, could force Vermont to lower its safe drinking water standard.

The report weighs in at more-than-850-pages and looks at the long-term health effects of 14 different chemicals.

Vermont state toxicologist Sarah Vose says that while the report is a draft at this point, it does include new information the state didn't have when it set its safe drinking water standard at 20 parts per trillion.

According to Politico, the Trump Administration allegedly suppressed the report since January 2018.

Vermont Agency of Natural Resources Deputy Secretary Peter Walke says the state has been anticipating the report as it continues to work to protect the people who have contaminated water.

Alexis Temkin of the Environmental Working Group says the study represents the most comprehensive report to date on the human health effects of chemicals like PFOA. And she says individuals and public drinking water utilities need to look closer at PFAS contamination now that it's clear there's an effect on human health.

The study addresses many of the assumed health risks associated with the chemicals such as thyroid disease, high cholesterol and fertility issues and concludes that PFOA likely causes cancer.

Full Report Here.

Drinking Water: The Next Big Crisis

For decades water access has been a slow-growing crisis as many parts of the world struggle to secure clean, reliable supplies.

In developing communities across Africa and South Asia, usually it's women who average a half an hour getting each and every bucket of water.

Farmers, unable to effectively water their crops, produce less and rely more on synthetic fertilizers which, in turn, further contaminate already precious supplies.

Flint, Michigan achieved notoriety for the leaded tap water that poisoned a city, but rural communities have dealt with similar problems for generations.

Cape Town has watched its largest reservoir slowly dry up with "Day Zero," the day the city will simply run out of water, approaching in 2019.

The World Bank estimates that a city needs about 1,000 cubic meters of fresh water per person per year to maintain adequate supplies.

In 2015, Sao Paulo had less than three weeks of water left before having to turn off access for the entire city.

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